Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) conjointly called Satpura park is found within the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in the Asian country. Its name springs from the Satpura vary.
It covers a district of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura park, beside the contiguous Bori and Pachmarhi life sanctuaries, provides 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi) of distinctive central Indian highland system. it was discovered in 1981.
The parcel of land of the park is very rugged and consists of arenaceous rock peaks, slim gorges, ravines, and dense forests. The altitude ranges from three hundred to one,352 meters (984 to four,436 ft). it’s Dhoopgarh peak as high as one,350 meters (4,430 ft) and also the nearly level plains of Churna.
The nearest city to the park is Pachmarhi and also the nearest rail-head is Piparia fifty-five kilometers (34 mi) away. The metropolis Bhopal is 210 kilometers (130 mi) away. Satpura park is made in diverseness.The animals here include leopard, reindeer, cheetah, Indian cervid, eucalyptus, four-horned bovid, shrimp, wild boar, bear, antelope, fox, shahudi, phalanger, mouse deer, and Indian big squirrel.
There area unit a spread of birds. Hornbills and bird of Juno area unit common birds found here. The flora consists of principally sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus Emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses, and healthful plants.
In previous years, there are sightings of tigers, dholes, Indian Bibos gaurus and barasingha, though this area unit was rare. Its name springs from the Satpura vary. Satpura could be a Sanskrit word, which means seven mountains (sapta – seven and Pura – mountain).
It absolutely was initially explored by Captain James Forsyth of geographic region Lancers in 1862 whereas he was checking out Indian revolutionist Tanya drink. it’s one in every of the primary declared Reserved Forest space of Asian country because of its ecological and industrial importance.
It was2. additional it absolutely was notified as Tiger Reserve within the year 2000 so conjointly referred to as Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR). Satpura park, with the inclusion of Pachmarhi & Bori Sanctuaries, Satpura Tiger Reserve it covers 1427 km2 of Hoshangabad and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh